Collection Dates: 1862 -- 1917
This document describes a collection of materials held
Special Collections Department
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1420
Posted to Internet: March 2003
and Restrictions: This
collection is open for research.
This collection is open for research.
Digital Surrogates: Except where indicated, this document describes but does not reproduce the actual text, images and objects which make up this collection. Materials are available only in the Special Collections Department.
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Use of Collections: The University of Iowa Libraries supports access to the materials, published and unpublished, in its collections. Nonetheless, access to some items may be restricted by their fragile condition or by contractual agreement with donors, and it may not be possible at all times to provide appropriate machinery for reading, viewing or accessing non-paper-based materials. Please read our Use of Manuscripts Statement.Biographical Note
Edward Francis Winslow was born on September 28, 1837, in Augusta, Maine. He moved to Mount Pleasant, Iowa, when he was nineteen years old. There he became involved in railroad construction, helping to build the St. Louis, Vandalia, & Terre Haute Railroad.
Winslow volunteered for service at the outbreak of the Civil War. He was recruited in August 1861 and mustered into Co. F, 4th Iowa Cavalry in November 1861, as a captain. The 4th Iowa saw much action during the war, including the siege of Vicksburg, the taking of Jackson, Mississippi, and the battle of Brice's Cross Roads. Winslow was promoted to the rank of colonel on July 4, 1863, and given command of the cavalry forces of the XV Corps. In December of 1964, he was brevetted brigadier-general for gallantry in action. After the hostilities ceased, Winslow was put in command of the Atlanta military district. He was discharged from the Army on August 10, 1865.
After the war, Edward F. Winslow returned to railroading. He resumed his construction work of the St. Louis, Vandalia, & Terre Haute Railroad. He then joined forces with General James Wilson to build the St. Louis and South-Eastern Railway. Winslow was appointed by President Grant to serve as an expert inspector of the Union Pacific Railroad upon its completion. He was vice-president and general manager of the Burlington, Cedar Rapids, and Northern from 1874 to 1880, and then became president of the New York, Ontario and Western. In November 1879, he became vice-president and general manager of the Manhattan Elevated Railroad in New York City. Finally, he served as president of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad Company and vice-president of the Atlanta and Pacific Railroad Company. Under this double responsibility his health began to fail and he was forced to retire. Edward F. Winslow died of heart failure on October 22, 1914.
Scope and Content
The papers of Edward F. Winslow are made up of 300 items, arranged alphabetically within a chronological sequence, and relate primarily to his military career during the Civil War. There are nine folders of correspondence, including letters from Lot Abraham, F.W. Benteen, and Emory Upton. A typescript draft of Winslow's memoirs, along with clippings and reports, describe his wartime experiences. There are a number of items relating to the Battle of Brice's Crossroads, General Samuel Davis Sturgis, and the 4th Iowa Cavalry.
Address of General Oscar H. Lagrange. "A Hero to Heroes" (1 item)
Correspondence and reports
1862 -- 1864 (8 items)
1865, including letters from Emory Upton and F. W. Benteen (9 items)
1879 -- 1882 (10 items)
1884, including letters from Lot Abraham (45 items)
January -- July 1885 (22 items)
August -- December 1885 (35 items)
1886 -- 1887 (44 items)
1888 (53 items)
1889 -- 1917 (27 items)
Manuscript by General Winslow. Memoirs of the Civil War -- typescript draft with copies of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (2 folders)
1885 -- 1886 (16 items)
1885 -- 1886 (xerox copies) (10 items)
General Samuel Davis Sturgis -- Related items
Correspondence, 1882 (5 items)
"A Dastardly Attempt to Fix the Responsibility for the Guntown Disaster upon the Brave and Loyal Gen. Grierson and His Gallant Cavalry Command," statement of Lt. Col. E.M. Lowe. Reprint 1879 (1 item)
"General Sturgis at Guntown, Miss., (1864)". Reprint 1879 (1 item)
Newspaper clippings, 1882 (6 items)
"The Other Side," by S.D. Sturgis, 1882
Printed circulars concerning the conduct of Gen. Sturgis at the Battle of Guntown (Brice's Cross Road), 1882 (5 items)