MsC 177

Collection Dates: ca. 1923 -- 2004
(Bulk Dates: 1930s and 1940s )
168 linear ft.

Collection Guide

This guide describes a Manuscript Collection held by the

Special Collections Department
University of Iowa Libraries

Guide Contents

Administrative Information

Biographical and Historical Information

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Related Materials

Acquisition and Processing Information

Box Contents List

Administrative Information

Access and Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Digital Surrogates: Except where indicated, this document describes but does not reproduce the actual text, images and objects which make up this collection. Materials are available only in the Special Collections Department.

Copyright:  Please read The University of Iowa Libraries' statement on "Property Rights, Copyright Law, and Permissions to Use Unpublished Materials"

Use of Collections:  The University of Iowa Libraries supports access to the materials, published and unpublished, in its collections. Nonetheless, access to some items may be restricted by their fragile condition or by contractual agreement with donors, and it may not be possible at all times to provide appropriate machinery for reading, viewing or accessing non-paper-based materials. Please read our Use of Manuscripts Statement.

Biographical Note


1888 - October 7 - Born on a farm near Orient, Adair County, Iowa

1910 - June 9 - Awarded B.S., Iowa State University, Ames

1914 - May 20 - Married Ilo Browne of Indianola, Iowa

1915 - September 18 - Son, Henry Browne Wallace, born

1918 - July 13 - Son, Robert Browne Wallace, born

1920 - Agricultural Prices

June 30 - Daughter, Jean Browne Wallace, born

1921 - March - Succeeded his father (who then became Secretary of Agriculture) as editor of Wallaces' Farmer

1923 - Corn and Corn-growing (with Earl N. Bressman)

1924 - October 25 - Father, Henry C. Wallace, died in office

1925 - Correlation and Machine Calculation (with George W. Snedecor)

1926 - Founded hybrid seed corn company

1929 - August-September - First International Conference of Agricultural Economists, Dartington Hall, Tomes, Devon, England

 October 26 - Merger of Wallaces' Farmer and Iowa Homestead

1933 - March 4 - Takes oath of office as Secretary of Agriculture

1934 - America Must Choose, New Frontiers, Statesmanship and Religion

1936 - Whose Constitution?

1940 - July 18 - Nominated candidate for Vice President of the United States

 September 4 - Resigned as Secretary of Agriculture

 December 1 - Attended inauguration of Manuel Avila Camacho as President of Mexico

1941 - January 20 - Takes oath of office as Vice President

 July 30 - Economic Defense Board established

 August 28  - Supply Priorities and Allocations Board established

 December 17 - EDB became Board of Economic Warfare

1942 - January 16 - SPAB became War Production Board

 May 8 - "The Price of Free World Victory" (Common Man speech)

1943 - The Century of the Common Man

 March-April - Latin American trip

 July 15 - Board of Economic Warfare abolished

1944 - Democracy Reborn

 May - July - Siberia-China trip

 July 21 - Harry S. Truman received vice-presidential nomination

1945 - Sixty Million Jobs

 Bought Farvue Farm, South Salem, New York

 January 20 - End of vice-presidential term; nominated Secretary of Commerce

 March 2 - Takes oath of office as Secretary of Commerce

1946 - Soviet Asia Mission

 September 12 -"The Way to Peace" (Madison Square Garden speech)

 September 20 - Resigned as Secretary of Commerce

 December 16 - Editor of The New Republic

1947 - December 29 - Announced presidential candidacy

1948 - Toward World Peace

 July 19 - Resigned as contributing editor of The New Republic

 July 24 - Progressive Party presidential nomination

 November 2 - Received ca. 1,157,000 votes

1950 - August 8 - Resigned from Progressive Party

1954, - February 11 - Uncle, Daniel A. Wallace, died

1956 - Corn and Its Early Fathers (with William L. Brown)

1965 - November 18 - Died at Danbury, Connecticut

 November 22 - Final rites at Des Moines, Iowa, following a funeral service at Ridgefield, Connecticut, two days earlier, with interment of ashes at Glendale Cemetery, Des Moines, the following day.

Scope and Contents

Photographs: Series VII and scattered throughout the research files

Film/Video: Series I

Audio Material: Series I

Related Materials

Culver, John C. American Dreamer: The Life and Times of Henry A. Wallace. New York: Norton, 2000

Papers of the Progressive Party, MsC 160

Papers of Fred Stover, MsC 165

Papers of C. B. Baldwin, MsC 343

Papers of Lew Frank, MsC 369

Lazarus Photographs. MsC 543.

Truman, Harry S. Mr. President; the first publication from the personal diaries, private letters, papers, and revealing interviews of Harry S. Truman, thirty-second President of the United States of America. New York, Farrar, Straus and Young [1952]

Wallace's page at the US Senate:

Ms D383c Democratic National Campaign Committee Campaign Materials, 1936

Acquisition and Processing Information

This collection consists of several different donations. Among the earliest were those by Henry A. Wallace himself in 1954 and 1956. In 1953, 1954, and 1955 Henry's brother James donated papers, and in 1954 Donald Murphy donated his research and manuscript for a biography of Wallace. Beginning in 1965, Paul D. Richards and his mother, Gladys Richards, donated print material and photographs to the collection. They gave other materials to the University over several following years. These were followed in 1967 by an additional donation by Wallace's heirs: Robert D. Wallace, Annabelle Wallace McLay, John B. Wallace, Janus Wallace, Mary Wallace Bruggmann, Ruth Wallace Wilkman, Margaret W. Voorheis, Josephine Wallace Farrell, John Clarke Wallace, Ross Wallace, Jr., Wallace Ashby, Nanette M. Ashby, N. Eunice Ashby, and Genevieve Ashby Hoffman. In 1970, Mrs. Henry A.(Ilo) Wallace, and Wallace's children, Mrs. Leslie (Jean Wallace) Douglas, Henry B. Wallace, and Robert B. Wallace released another gift to the University.

Guide posted to Internet beginning in January 2004.

Box Contents List

Series I: Audiovisual

Series II: Clippings (See also the Donald Murphy sub-series under Research for more clippings)

Series III: Correspondence:  The Wallace correspondence at Iowa is arranged chronologically.  Large quantities of similar letters are also held at the Library of Congress and the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Library.  With the help of a grant from the National Historical Publications Commission, all three collections were microfilmed in the early 1970s.  At the end of the project, a printed index to the Microform Edition was published by the Libraries: The Wallace Papers: an index to the microfilm editions of the Henry A. Wallace papers in the University of Iowa Libraries, the Library of Congress, and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library (Iowa City: University of Iowa Libraries, 1975). Copies of this two-volume work are held in the Main Library Reference Collection and in Special Collections. Copies of the work can be borrowed from the Libraries (as can be the microfilms themselves); copies also remain available for purchase. For a reel-by-reel description of the Microfilm Edition of the Iowa Papers (which includes some materials other than correspondence), see Microfilm Edition.  For a guide to the reel and frame numbers of the Library of Congress papers, see LC Microfilm.

Photocopies of the microfilmed collection at Library of Congress (Indexed in The Wallace Papers)

Correspondence held by the UI   (Indexed in The Wallace Papers)

Later acquisitions (i.e., those not indexed in The Wallace Papers)

Index of people who were asked to contribute letters to the collection

Series IV: Government Documents

Series V: Miscellaneous and Memorabilia

Series VI: Personal Papers

Appointment books


Biographical materials

Books, booklets and pamphlets from Wallace's personal library. These are items left in the Wallace library in South Salem, New York, at Henry's death and gifted by his widow and children to the University of Iowa Libraries in 1970, with the addition to pamphlets found throughout the collection. The South Salem collection includes books on agriculture, money and income, and spirituality. Pamphlets having to do with Wallace's research are filed with his notes in the Research portion of the collection.

Books from the Wallace library

Booklets and pamphlets

DiariesMicrofilmed as "The Diary of Henry Wallace, January 18, 1935-September 19, 1946." Microfilming Corp. of America, 1977.  Microfilm 21490. Two reels.

Medical Papers. Correspondence between Wallace and his doctors, and among his doctors, regarding his amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Gift of Judie and Peter Oschner.  In Box 23



Series VII: Photographs and Images

 See also the Iowa Digital Libraries site for Wallace:

Series VIII: Research Materials

Wallace's research materials


Land, Money and the Economy, Population, Railroads

Miscellaneous topics


Research materials about Wallace

Murphy, Donald Murphy edited Wallace's diaries. This was apparently never published. These files are part of the research Murphy conducted during the editing of this book, along with  a carbon copy of the manuscript. Some items concern Wallace directly, such as the clippings concerning his disagreement with Truman and his resignation as Secretary of Commerce; other items pertain to research around topics that Wallace dealt with, such as atomic power and China. There is also a carbon copy of the Oral History created by Columbia University in the early 1970s. These materials were donated to the University of Iowa Libraries by Mr. Murphy in 1967.

Albertson, Dean. Dean Albertson conducted the oral history interviews with Wallace for the archives at Columbia University. This collection includes one folder of material he consulted and used in this project. The correspondence with Wallace has been removed and placed in the "Later acquisitions" portion of the correspondence series. What remains are two reprints of articles, one essay on Milo Reno of unknown authorship, and several typewritten statements, apparently written by Wallace, on controversial moments in his career. These are assumed to have been collected by Albertson because they were found in a folder with Albertson's name inscribed inside the cover.

Richards, Paul. Collection of Wallace autographs

Various theses, dissertations, lectures, school papers, etc.

Series IX: Wallace Birthplace Foundation, Wallace House Foundation, Country Life Center, Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture , Pioneer Hybrid Seed Corn Company, New Republic, Wallaces' Farmer, The Wallace Centers of Iowa

Series X: Writings


Book and booklets


See also Richards Autographs series

By Wallace

1923 to 1933

















1950 -- 1964


Indexes to Wallace's speeches

Card files . Boxes 80 and 81

Paper copies. Box 82

About Wallace

Statements and notes